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德拉日先生追忆Claude Parent

查看:232| 2016-3-9 19:39| 系统分类:行业资讯| 举报

简介:        我最近获悉Claude Parent先生逝世,享年93岁。他是一位非常重要的法国建筑师,同时也是著名建筑师Jean Nouvel的思 ...

    

    我最近获悉Claude Parent先生逝世,享年93岁。他是一位非常重要的法国建筑师,同时也是著名建筑师Jean Nouvel的思想导师。

    早在我在巴黎学习建筑设计的70年代初期,通过Claude Parent的非凡的论文及概念草图,同时也包含了所建成的几个项目,第一次接触到他的设计概念:空间无限延伸和相互关联的前卫概念。



概念草图: 无限延伸和相互关联的建筑/ Drawing - Oblique Architecture


    我是通过其兄长Michel Parent认识Claude Parent的,那时Michel Parent不仅是一个知名的历史建筑专家,同时还是国际古迹遗址理事会(ICOMOS)的前任领导,同时他与贝律铭也共同负责卢浮宫的改建工程。

       1991Claude Parent雇我在其事务所工作,参加了一个竞赛。我至今印象深刻,作为如此知名的设计大师,他会如此专注地聆听他人的想法。之后,我也更深刻的了解到,除了与天俱来的天赋,他依然会非常专注于他的工作,而且会因此变得异常的敏感,但是非常不幸,正因这些过度的敏感,导致他的一些项目没法最终实现。



概念草图: 无限延伸和相互关联的建筑/ Drawing - Oblique Architecture


    对于我的建筑师生涯,正因为有他的影响,可以划分为前Claude Parent时期和后Claude Parent时期。他不仅让我的思维更为自由(脱离种种的条条框框),同时也增加了我对设计的自信。此外,他也是个很随和的人,和他之间的沟通也非常的平等和顺畅,不会引起任何的争执,这也是我们保持良好关系的重要原因。在几年前我们再次对话时也仍是如此。

    在设计方面,他也并未画过多的图纸,因为他对待图纸是非常的谨慎的,而且他深信图纸是一种表达方式,其存在的意义在于有重要的表达内容。



Mariotti House - Wood Model


    今天我很高兴地去写篇关于Claude Parent的文章,因为他对我有着重要的影响。他也许在法国以外的地区也并不知名,或许因为他也并未实现太多的作品,但是最为重要的是他的思想深深地影响着我这一代的建筑师,例如Jean Nouvel, Zaha Hadid Odile Decq等。

        Claude Parent是一个前卫的建筑师,不仅仅体现于他的设计理念,同时也体现在他对大尺度的规划或建筑的理解,虽然这些对于如今中国式的设计发展是非常常见的,但是对当时的法国而言,这些都是无法想象的。


Gabriel Delage(德拉日先生)



Church Sainte-Bernadette du Banlay, Nevers, 1963 to 1966


I recently learned that Claude Parent, a key figure among French architects, "father" of Jean Nouvel, has died at the age of 93.

The first time I was exposed to Claude Parent's ideas, I was studying architecture in Paris in the early seventies, discovering his audacious Oblique Architecture through his fascinating writings and his incredible drawings, although few of his projects had been built.



伊朗学生公寓,法国国际大学城Maison de l'Iran, Cité Universitaire Internationale, Paris, 1967-1969


I met Claude Parent through his brother Michel Parent, a well known historian of architecture, former head of ICOMOS, who was involved at that time in the development of the Louvre museum with I.M.Pei.

In 1991 Claude Parent hired me to work on a national competition. Impressed at first at meeting such a master, I was struck by how attentive he was to people. From then on, I understood that behind the great talent of Claude Parent, there was, besides a high degree of concentration in his work, an extreme sensitivity which – unfortunately – may have prevented him from achieving some of his projects.

In becoming the architect I am today, I can clearly say that there was a ‘before’ and an ‘after’ Claude Parent. He was able to free me from certain barriers and helped me to grow more self-confident. It took me a long time to figure out that it was, above all else, because he was a free man, and in that sense, discussions where never confrontational but rather between "equals"; this freedom in our relationships allowing us to build bridges – which would later on remain true when I got to meet him or talk to him on the phone in the past few years. 



法国馆,1970年威尼斯双年展/ French pavillon for the Venice Biennale, 1970


I did not see him draw often. He was cautious about drawing, believing that it was a tool to be used only when there was something to be said.

Today I'm happy to write about Claude Parent as he has been and will always be very important to me. He was not very well known outside of France, probably because he did not build many projects. But is it not more important that he has allowed many architects of my generation like Jean Nouvel, Zaha Hadid and Odile Decq to blossom?

Claude Parent was a pioneer, not only for his ideas but also for his understanding of large-scale spaces which can be seen widely today in China but not so much in France at that time!


Gabriel Delage



 无限延伸和相互关联的建筑/ Oblique Architecture



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